The Least Developed Countries (LDC) work programme was established in 2001 for the implementation of Article 4, paragraph 9 of the Convention (“Parties shall take full account of the specific needs and special situations of the least developed countries in their actions with regard to funding and transfer of technology.”) Since then, many developments that have direct and/or indirect implications to climate change and development planning in the LDCs have taken place. These include the establishment of the process to formulate and implement NAPs in 2010, the operationalization of the GCF in 2010, and the adoption of the SDGs and the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015. Considering this, COP 24 updated the LDC work programme. The box below contains the elements of the LDC work programme.
Box: The LDC Work Programme as updated in 2018
More information on support to the LDCs under the UNFCCC is available here.